Daily Dialogue — November 23, 2014

November 23rd, 2014 by

“Oh, you’re the best friends anybody ever had.”

The Wizard of Oz (1939), screenplay by Noel Langley & Florence Ryerson and Edgar Allan Woolf, adaptation by Noel Langley, based on a novel by L. Frank Baum

The Daily Dialogue theme for the week: Friendship.

Trivia: In 1898, Dorothy Louise Gage was born to the brother and sister-in-law of Maud Gage Baum, wife of author L. Frank Baum. When little Dorothy died exactly five months later, Maud was heartbroken. Baum was just finishing “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz” and, to comfort his wife, named his heroine after Dorothy, changing her last name to Gale in his second book. Dorothy Gage was buried in Evergreen Memorial Cemetery in Bloomington, Illinois, where her grave was forgotten until 1996 when it was rediscovered. When Mickey Carroll, one of the last existing Munchkins from the movie, learned of the discovery, he was eager to replace her deteriorated grave marker with a new one created by his own monument company. The new stone was dedicated in 1997 and the children’s section of the cemetery renamed the Dorothy L. Gage Memorial Garden, in the hope that bereaved families would be comforted in thinking of their lost children as being with Dorothy from “The Wizard of Oz”.

Dialogue On Dialogue: The friendship Dorothy develops with Scarecrow, Tin Man and Cowardly Lion serves as a bridge for her to feel a connection to the farm in Kansas. When she returns, her home now feels a home. A real one.

Daily Dialogue theme for next week: Proposal

November 22nd, 2014 by

The Daily Dialogue theme for next week: Proposal, suggested by Aamir Mirza.

“At least check the pockets.”

Wedding proposals seem the obvious angle here. But what about business proposals? A deal between friends? I’m looking for seven great suggestions, folks. Thanks in advance!

The usual drill:

* Copy/paste dialogue from IMDB Quotes or some other transcript source.

* Copy/paste the URL of an accompanying video from YouTube or some other video source.

I’d also ask you to think about why the dialogue is notable. Is there anything about the dialogue which provides some takeaway re screenwriting?

Here is our lineup for upcoming Daily Dialogue themes:

December 1-December 7: Leadership
December 8-December 14: Quitting
December 15-December 21: Negotiation [Michael Waters]

Check this out: The GITS Daily Dialogue Topic Index! You can read about Liz and Allie, two sisters who are big fans of the blog, and were inspired to create the index. A great resource for writers looking for inspiration for their own dialogue writing. You can be a part of this proud tradition with your ideas for weekly themes and Daily Dialogue suggestions.

Please post your ideas for this week’s theme — Friendship — in comments. Thanks!

Script Analysis: “American Hustle” – Parts 1-5

November 22nd, 2014 by

This week, we analyzed the script for the movie American Hustle. Here are links to the entire series:

Monday: Scene-By-Scene Breakdown
Tuesday: Major Plot Points
Wednesday: Sequences
Thursday: Psychological Journey
Friday: Takeaways

You may download the script for American Hustle — free and legalhere.

If you’d like a PDF of the American Hustle script scene-by-scene breakdown, go here.

Thanks to Jon Raymond for contributing the Scene-By-Scene Breakdown and to all the participants in our discussion this week. It has been an excellent in-depth conversation. Feel free to add your thoughts.

Saturday Hot Links

November 22nd, 2014 by

Time for the 161st installment of Saturday Hot Links.

Today: The We Remember The Genius Of Mike Nichols Edition.

Mike Nichols dead at the age of 83.

Mike Nichols remembered by Hollywood.

Mike Nichols remembered by Broadway.

Mike Nichols remembered by Meryl Streep and Tom Hanks.

Mike Nichols to be honored by Lincoln Center Thursday night.

Todd McCarthy (THR) on Mike Nichols.

Pete Travers (Rolling Stone) on Mike Nichols.

Frank Rich remembers Mike Nichols.

Listen to Mike Nichols commentary on Who’s Afraid of Virginia Wolf [audio].

Indiewire: The Best 5 Mike Nichols Movies.

How people decide what movies to see [infographic].

Bob Marley’s name to be used to market legal cannabis.

When Universal’s classic monsters hit the big screen for the first time.

Alien conspiracy theorists think the government is on the verge of spilling big secrets.

Christopher Nolan takes on a new gig: Guest editor of Wired magazine for this month’s edition.

New Jersey’s war hero pigeon.

Is current cinema as good as the romanticized 1970s Golden Age.

50 writers you need to see live.

Related: 10 most famous writers’ houses worth visiting.

What NYC is planning on doing to all of its old payphones.

Related: Is New Y0rk City going to get a floating park.

Kinda related: Lauren Bacall’s NYC apartment for sale for $26M.

First official Batmobile up for auction.

Presale market alive and well at AFM.

Why Ava DuVernay’s potential Oscar nomination is a huge deal.

The amazing life of sand.

Massive Game of Thrones family tree tracks every house.

Why do they dye cheese yellow.

Chuck Wendig: How to motivate yourself as a writer.

Salad vending machines are coming to L.A.

Over 30 movies being adapted into TV shows.

Silicon Valley job title generator (e.g., Shareability Maven).

Are you not watching the HBO series “Sonic Highways”? You should be – and here’s why.

The top 10 ugliest Christmas sweaters of all time.

“True Detective: Season 2″: Everything Indiewire knows about it.

2014 National Book Awards announced.

Revealed: The lost chapter of Interstellar [comic book].

How is wind chill calculated.

Steve Jobs movie dead at Sony.

Related: Analysis why Steve Jobs movie is dead at Sony.

Georgia O’Keefe painting sells for $44M.

Of course, Hollywood producers are now wooing “Serial”.

Related: “Serial”: How to make sense of a social media phenomenon.

Why do dogs sniff their butts.

Aereo files for bankruptcy.

5 lessons from J-school that will make you a better writer.

6 filmmaking tips from Jean-Luc Godard.

10 turkey myths debunked.

A nice overview of the recent Academy celebration for the 2014 Nicholl Fellowship winners.

15 real movie locations you can actually visit.

62 last name meanings.

10 live-action shorts advance for Oscar consideration.

Staring at your phone while texting is like putting a 60 pound weight on your spine.

How the Theory of Everything screenwriter convinced Stephen Hawking’s ex-wife to let him adapt her memoir.

What happens to stranded sea otters [video].

15 things you probably didn’t know about Scott Pilgrim vs. the World.

How Los Angeles neighborhoods got their names.

A nice NYT feature on Robert Osborne – for 20 years, the face of Turner Classic Movies.

Man shows up drunk for a job interview, stabs the boss.

Watch Richard Linklater and cast discuss creating Boyhood [videos].

How Mr. Rogers saved the VCR.

Make your own Aaron Sorkin monologue Mad-Lib style.

Find out what famous brains are most like yours.

Nina Jacobson isn’t afraid to fight Hollywood’s old guard.

The best sandwich from each state.

Disney hits $4B in global box office.

The Godfather mansion hits the market for $2.8M.

39 cancelled Star Wars projects.

Related: 10 Star Wars mysteries the stand alone films could answer.

Most heavy boozers aren’t actually alcoholics.

The 30 highest grossing indie films of 2014 [so far].

Researchers translate ancient Egyptian spellbook.

The 13 best assembling the team movies [videos].

10 amazing things your ashes can do after you die.

The latest blog post from screenwriter Bob Saenz: Screenwriting is Easy & Other Lies.

The 19 best drone photos of 2014.

What’s worse than a remake? A remake of a reality TV show.

Or this: A new version of “All in the Family”?

9 people who killed JFK according to conspiracy theorists.

How New Line lost Dumb and Dumber To — then got the franchise back.

Netflix to expand to Australia and New Zealand.

Here’s what Pixar voice actors look like in real life.

Every rom-com for the last 80 years owes something to It Happened One Night.

50 great films from 2014.

Local film industry in Latin America is hot.

Christopher Nolan talks the enigmatic ending of Interstellar.

Snag Films has a doc on the last days of Jimi Hendrix’s life [video].

Stephen Colbert questions Jon Stewart’s patriotism on “The Colbert Report” [video].

Finally the Black List celebrates 10 years as a haven for screenwriters.

Screenwriting Master Class tip of the week:  Three opportunities to work with me through the end of the year. Here they are:

November 24 – Story Concepts That Sell: This is a 90-minute webinar that runs next Monday, beginning at 4PM Eastern / 1PM Pacific. You cannot overstate the importance of a story concept to the marketability of a spec script. Learn how to generate, develop, and assess story ideas, zeroing in on the best ones.

December 2 – Core VIII: Time: This 1-week online screenwriting class helps writers develop a cinematic understanding of time and how to use narrative devices like flashbacks, montage, and much more.

December 10 – Four-Day Quest Writing Workshop – Santa Monica: This is an incredible value. A 4-day immersive writing workshop combined with a 16-week online platform. In the process, you learn the foundation of Character Based Screenwriting, develop your story in Prep, then pound out a first draft in Pages. There are just a couple of spots left. Give yourself (or someone you know) a truly notable holiday gift: The Quest Writing Workshop.

Some testimonials:

“I can’t think of a single book or lecture I’ve read that outdoes the Screenwriting Master Class. The teaching is clear and comprehensive. The response from classmates, inspiring, and the feedback from Scott, invaluable.” – Brianna Garber

“Of all the classes I’ve sampled around the web, NOBODY draws the crowd you do, and NOBODY gives as much useful information. It’s your infectious enthusiasm that gets us all going. I’m so grateful to be a small part of the pot you stir.” – Cyd Madsen

“I have no hesitation in recommending Scott’s classes. His character-based approach to screenwriting, combined with his generous insights and constructive criticism, have helped me create real, flawed characters that readers and audiences can identify with, and from which powerful, engaging stories spring organically.” – Simon Littlefield

“Scott is an enthusiastic and thoughtful teacher and is able to engage with students of any ability. I always come away from Scott’s classes enlightened, empowered, filled with new ideas and concepts, ready to tackle my screen writing again.” — Peter Van Schellebeck

As always, I look forward to the opportunity to work with you!

Great Scene: “Metropolitan”

November 22nd, 2014 by

In a movie dominated by dialogue — great dialogue, it should be noted — this pretty much constitutes one of the film’s two ‘action’ scenes. It’s Nick vs. the despicable Rick Von Sloneker, one of the more memorable moments in this wonderful 1990 movie written and directed by Whit Stillman.

I had the great pleasure of moderating a one-on-one conversation with Whit Stillman at the 2014 Austin Film Festival. We had an excellent session. It was recorded and hopefully will surface as part of the PBS On Story TV series.

SundanceTV: The Writers Room Interview Roundup

November 22nd, 2014 by

Another nice online writing resource: The SundanceTV Writers Room Interview Roundup. Links to just some of the interviews:

For the site, go here.

HT to @StevenEdeSouza for the link.

Interview [Written]: Gillian Flynn and Cheryl Strayed

November 22nd, 2014 by

A conversation in the New York Times between Gone Girl screenwriter Gillian Flynn and Cheryl Strayed, author of the memoir Wild, adapted for the screen by Nick Hornby.

This question is from a Times reader: “Witherspoon wanted to create better roles for women, but has ‘Gone Girl’ shown women in a better role? Is it empowering or continuing stereotypes?”

Flynn I’ve been asked that a lot, and to me the answer is always: “Of course, it’s not misogynistic.” Women shouldn’t be expected to only play nurturing, kind caretakers.

That’s always been part of my goal — to show the dark side of women. Men write about bad men all the time, and they’re called antiheroes.

Were you surprised that that was the reaction you got?

Flynn I had about 24 hours where I hovered under my covers and was like: “I killed feminism. Why did I do that? Rats. I did not mean to do that.” And then I very quickly kind of felt comfortable with what I had written.

Cheryl, it’s your story, but did you get blowback from people, or was it just more relief at having told an honest story?

Strayed It never occurred to me, not once, that the book would be read as an inspirational tale. I really have no interest in likability when it comes to characters. It’s always about credibility, and to be credible you have to seem human. One of the most difficult things reading about the movie “Wild” was when people started writing about it and me in this shorthand way. I knew they hadn’t read the book, because the things they would say about me were just patently untrue.

What kind of stuff were you getting?

Strayed Often, they’ll say my problems were self-inflicted. And really the two biggest problems I began the trail with were the opposite of self-inflicted: the dead mother and the abusive father who wasn’t in my life. Those were my two most significant wounds, neither of which I inflicted upon myself, both of which I had to heal in myself.

It’s interesting what Gillian is saying. I think the lazy interpretation of Amy is she’s this evil psychopath and she’s all darkness. I think so much of the reason “Gone Girl” is so successful is that all of those very winning passages where Amy writes about her romantic life, falling in love with her husband, the way she constructs herself as a woman in the world. Those are very recognizable to us.

Flynn I think we wouldn’t have heard as much anger about it if she was more dismissible. She’s understandable, and that makes her a little harder to just write off. She’s not Norman Bates’s mom just sitting there in a rocking chair being evil.

For the rest of the interview, go here.

Daily Dialogue — November 22, 2014

November 22nd, 2014 by

“Remember George, no man is a failure who has friends.”

It’s a Wonderful Life (1946), screenplay by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett and Frank Capra, story by Philip Van Doren Stern

The Daily Dialogue theme for the week: Friendship.

Trivia: Frank Capra filmed a number of sequences that were later cut; the only remnants are rare stills that have been unearthed. A number of alternative endings were considered, with Capra’s first script having George fall to his knees saying The Lord’s Prayer (the script called for an opening scene with the townspeople in prayer). Feeling an overly religious tone didn’t have the emotional impact of family and friends coming to George’s rescue, the closing scenes were rewritten.

Dialogue On Dialogue: George bereft of wealth… but rich with friends.

If you have a suggestion for this week’s theme, please post in comments.

Declare Your Independents – Vol. 38

November 21st, 2014 by

GITS development assistant Wendy Cohen here, and welcome back to Declare Your Independents, our new series highlighting the latest developments in the world of independent film!

This week…

Where The Race Stands Post-AFI Fest, Pre-Thanksgiving

Mike Nichols’ Best Films

Could Selma Finally Be Our Oscar Frontrunner?

Neil deGrasse Tyson Fact-Checks Interstellar

Scott and I encourage any of you who go to see an independent movie to post your reactions to the film in these posts. Good, bad, indifferent, whatever. If there’s a film you want to recommend, do it. Use your words to inspire readers to transport themselves into a local cinema.



A Girl Walks Home Alone at Night

The first Iranian Vampire Western ever made, Ana Lily Amirpour’s debut basks in the sheer pleasure of pulp. A joyful mash-up of genre, archetype, and iconography, its prolific influences span spaghetti westerns, graphic novels, horror films, and the Iranian New Wave.

Watch an interview with the film’s writer/director Ana Lily Amirpour here.

Happy Valley

Amir Bar-Lev’s documentary HAPPY VALLEY takes an unflinching look at an iconic American institution in the wake of unthinkable scandal. Nestled in the idyllic area known as Happy Valley lies the town of State College and the home of Penn State University. For over 40 years, Joe Paterno was the celebrated head coach of the school’s storied football team. Lauded not only for his program’s success on the field, but also for students’ achievements in the classroom, Paterno was a revered figure in a town where team loyalty approached nationalistic fervor. Then in November 2011 everything changed when longtime assistant coach Jerry Sandusky was charged with 40 counts of child sex abuse, setting off a firestorm of accusations about who failed to protect the children of Happy Valley. Filmed over the course of the year after Sandusky’s arrest as key players agreed to share their stories, HAPPY VALLEY deconstructs the story we think we know to uncover a much more complicated and tragic tale. Director Bar-Lev creates an indelible portrait of a wounded community and an engrossing investigation into the role big time college football played in both the crimes and their aftermath.

Watch AFI DOCS’ Q&A with director Amir Bar-Lev here.

Shadows from My Past

“Shadows From My Past” is a modern look at Austria’s part in the Holocaust to to see if it really changed — or is a new mask on an old face.

Late Phases

Crescent Bay is not the ideal place to spend one’s golden years, especially since the once-idyllic retirement community has been beset by a series of deadly animal attacks from the ominous forest surrounding it. When grizzled war veteran Ambrose McKinley (Nick Damici) is forced into moving there by his yuppie son Will (Ethan Embry), the residents immediately take offense to Ambrose’s abrasive personality. But that take-no-prisoners attitude may be just what Ambrose needs to survive as it becomes clear that the attacks are being caused by creatures that are neither animal nor man, and that the tight-knit community of Crescent Bay is hiding something truly sinister in its midst… Following the release of his Here Comes The Devil, as well as his scene-stealing segment “B is For Bigfoot” in the horror anthology The ABCs of Death, Adriån Garcîa Bogliano cements his status as one of the top horror filmmakers coming out of Spain with LATE PHASES. In a bookend of sorts to his performance in the cult hit Stake Land, Nick Damici commands the screen here, coming on the heels of last year’s Sundance vigilante thriller Cold In July and the critically acclaimed cannibal drama, We Are What We Are.

Monk With a Camera: The Life and Journey of Nicholas Vreeland

A feature documentary on the life and journey of Nicholas Vreeland, from photographer and jet-setter to Tibetan Buddhist monk.

Little White Lie

What defines our identity, our family of origin or the family that raises us? How do we come to terms with the sins and mistakes of our parents? Lacey discovers that answering those questions means understanding her parents’ own stories as well as her own. She pieces together her family history and the story of her dual identity using home videos, archival footage, interviews, and episodes from her own life. Little White Lie is a personal documentary about the legacy of family secrets, denial, and the power of telling the truth.

Watch an interview with director Lacey Schwartz here.

The Mule

It’s 1983. A naive man with lethal narcotics hidden in his stomach is detained by Australian Federal Police. Alone and afraid, ‘the Mule’ makes a desperate choice; to defy his bodily functions and withhold the evidence…literally. And by doing so becomes a “human time-bomb,” dragging cops, criminals, lawyers and his mother into his impossible escapade. Inspired by true events.

The Sleepwalker

Shocking family secrets shatter a woman’s quiet country life in this psychosexual thriller. Young couple Kaia (Gitte Witt) and Andrew (Christopher Abbott) spend their days restoring her family’s sprawling rural estate. Their peace is upended one night when Kaia’s emotionally disturbed sister Christine (Stephanie Ellis) shows up unexpectedly, followed by her distraught boyfriend (Brady Corbet). As Christine’s behavior grows increasingly unhinged-including an unsettling incident of sleepwalking-long-buried traumas resurface. With a haunting score by Sondre Lerche, director Mona Fastvold keeps the tension mounting as this provocative nerve-jangler reaches fever pitch.

Watch The Playlist’s interview with director Mona Lerche and writer Brady Corbet here.



FOXCATCHER is a psychological drama directed by Academy Award nominee Bennett Miller (MONEYBALL) and starring Golden Globe winner Steve Carell, Channing Tatum, Academy Award nominee Mark Ruffalo, Academy Award winner Vanessa Redgrave and Sienna Miller. The film was written by E. Max Frye and Academy Award nominee Dan Futterman. FOXCATCHER tells the story of Olympic Gold Medal-winning wrestler Mark Schultz (Tatum), who sees a way out from the shadow of his more celebrated wrestling brother Dave (Ruffalo) and a life of poverty when he is summoned by eccentric multi-millionaire John du Pont (Carell) to move onto his estate and train for the 1988 Seoul Olympics. Desperate to gain the respect of his disapproving mother, du Pont begins “coaching” a world-class athletic team and, in the process, lures Mark into dangerous habits, breaks his confidence and drives him into a self-destructive spiral. Based on actual events, FOXCATCHER is a gripping and profoundly American story of fragile men who pinned their hopes for love and redemption on a desperate obsession for greatness that was to end in tragedy.

Watch an interview with the film’s screenwriters E. Max Frye & Dan Futterman here.


Rosewater is based on The New York Times best-selling memoir “Then They Came for Me: A Family’s Story of Love, Captivity, and Survival,” written by Maziar Bahari. The film marks the directorial debut of “The Daily Show” host Jon Stewart, and stars Gael García Bernal. Rosewater follows the Tehran-born Bahari, a broadcast journalist with Canadian citizenship. In June 2009, Bahari returned to Iran to interview Mir-Hossein Mousavi, who was the prime challenger to president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. As Mousavi’s supporters rose up to protest Ahmadinejad’s victory declaration hours before the polls closed, Bahari endured personal risk by sending footage of the street riots to the BBC. Bahari was arrested by police, led by a man identifying himself only as “Rosewater,” who tortured and interrogated him over the next 118 days. With Bahari’s wife leading an international campaign to have her husband freed, and Western media outlets keeping the story alive, Iranian authorities released Bahari on $300,000 bail and the promise he would act as a spy for the government.

Watch TIFF’s interview with writer/director Jon Stewart here.

The Theory of Everything

Starring Eddie Redmayne (“Les Misérables”) and Felicity Jones (“The Amazing Spider-Man 2″), this is the extraordinary story of one of the world’s greatest living minds, the renowned astrophysicist Stephen Hawking, who falls deeply in love with fellow Cambridge student Jane Wilde. Once a healthy, active young man, Hawking received an earth-shattering diagnosis at 21 years of age. With Jane fighting tirelessly by his side, Stephen embarks on his most ambitious scientific work, studying the very thing he now has precious little of – time. Together, they defy impossible odds, breaking new ground in medicine and science, and achieving more than they could ever have dreamed. The film is based on the memoir Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen, by Jane Hawking, and is directed by Academy Award winner James Marsh (“Man on Wire”).

Watch the Academy’s Q&A with writer/producer Anthony McCarten and the film’s cast here.


With our time on Earth coming to an end, a team of explorers undertakes the most important mission in human history; traveling beyond this galaxy to discover whether mankind has a future among the stars. Co-written and directed by Christopher Nolan.

Watch THR’s interview with Nolan and the film’s cast here.


NIGHTCRAWLER is a pulse-pounding thriller set in the nocturnal underbelly of contemporary Los Angeles. Jake Gyllenhaal stars as Lou Bloom, a driven young man desperate for work who discovers the high-speed world of L.A. crime journalism. Finding a group of freelance camera crews who film crashes, fires, murder and other mayhem, Lou muscles into the cut-throat, dangerous realm of nightcrawling — where each police siren wail equals a possible windfall and victims are converted into dollars and cents. Aided by Rene Russo as Nina, a veteran of the blood-sport that is local TV news, Lou thrives. In the breakneck, ceaseless search for footage, he becomes the star of his own story.

Watch DP/30’s interview with writer/director Dan Gilroy here.


Overeducated and underemployed, 28 year old Megan (Keira Knightley) is in the throes of a quarterlife crisis. Squarely into adulthood with no career prospects, no particular motivation to think about her future and no one to relate to, Megan is comfortable lagging a few steps behind – while her friends check off milestones and celebrate their new grown-up status. When her high-school sweetheart (Mark Webber) proposes, Megan panics and- given an unexpected opportunity to escape for a week – hides out in the home of her new friend, 16-year old Annika (Chloë Grace Moretz) and Annika’s world-weary single dad Craig (Sam Rockwell). Lynn Shelton, whose unique directorial voice created such astutely observed comedies as YOUR SISTER’S SISTER and HUMPDAY, crafts a sweet, romantic coming-of-age comedy about three people who find their lives intertwined in the most unconventional way as they make through the imperfect realities of modern day life. Keira Knightley shines as Megan, a rare female slacker hero who shows us that while you never stop growing up, you can choose stop lagging, and start living on your terms.

Watch Vanity Fair‘s interview with writer/director Lynn Shelton here.


Andrew Neyman (Miles Teller) is an ambitious young jazz drummer, single-minded in his pursuit to rise to the top of his elite east coast music conservatory. Plagued by the failed writing career of his father, Andrew hungers day and night to become one of the greats. Terence Fletcher (J.K. Simmons ), an instructor equally known for his teaching talents as for his terrifying methods, leads the top jazz ensemble in the school. Fletcher discovers Andrew and transfers the aspiring drummer into his band, forever changing the young man’s life. Andrew’s passion to achieve perfection quickly spirals into obsession, as his ruthless teacher continues to push him to the brink of both his ability-and his sanity.

Watch TIFF’s interview with Damien Chazelle, director and writer of the 2012 Black List script, here.

Many thanks to Wendy for today’s post. Remember to Declare Your Independents by going to a theater or use V.O.D. to watch an indie feature this weekend.

Spec Script Sale: “Dig”

November 21st, 2014 by

Vegas, Baby Productions acquires action thriller spec script “Dig” written by Adam Taylor Barker. From Deadline:

The action-thriller set in the Appalachian Mountains tracks Sol, a tough-as-nails grave digger out for revenge after his father-in-law kidnaps his daughters.

Writer is repped by ICM Partners and Industry Entertainment.

A 2013 Black List script.

This is an option deal.

By my count, this is the 59th spec script sale in 2014.

There were 96 spec script sales year-to-date in 2013.